DeFiner Oracle is used if there is no trustworthy third-party oracle available and the DEX trading volume and liquidity of that particular token are relatively low. The token price of DeFiner oracle is reviewed periodically to ensure the price is within an acceptable bound of the time-weighted average price of the token/USD pair across major trading venues, including both centralized and decentralized exchanges. DeFiner oracle proxy contract only stores prices that are within an acceptable bound of the Time-Weighted Average Price (TWAP) and are updated only when the TWAP deviates from the acceptable bound. If there is a significant breakthrough of the token price, the price feed would be triggered to ensure the new price is within the new acceptable bound. The DeFiner Oracle also contains logic that upscales the posted prices into the format that DeFiner's Comptroller expects.